The way ozone works
Ozone (O3) – a colourless to blue gas with a characteristic odour – is a molecule consisting of three oxygen atoms. Ozone is an energy-rich, active form of oxygen and is, therefore, also referred to as “active oxygen”. It requires little energy to split-off one of its atoms due to the loose connection between oxygen atoms. The result is the common oxygen molecule O2 plus one oxygen atom (O). Individual oxygen atoms quickly seek out a new reaction partner when the ozone molecule breaks down. This chemical property explains the strong oxidising effect of ozone. Thus, unpleasant odours can be easily removed with ozone in commercial applications. Ozone neutralises odours by binding the molecules responsible for the odours and then destroying these through chemical reactions. All pollutants that, for example, exist in the air, water or in the blood are bound and neutralised by the strong oxidising agent ozone. Ozone is also one of the most effective and environmentally friendly disinfectants as it kills all germs, bacteria and fungi.
Application in medicine
Medical ozone is a mixture of 0.05 to 5% pure ozone and 99.95 to 95% medically pure oxygen, which is produced in ozone generators with silent electric discharge. Medicine takes advantage of the bactericidal, viricidal and fungicidal properties of ozone. Ozone can be precisely dosed as a medication and dissolves 15 times quicker in the blood than oxygen. Ozone cannot be stored and decays into oxygen with a half-life of approximately 20 minutes. Werner von Siemens already developed the first medically-used ozone generator in 1857.
Nowadays, the following biological properties of ozone are used in medical applications:
- Activation of cellular respiration
- Bactericidal, viricidal and fungicidal effect
- Anti-tumour properties
- Stimulation of phagocytosis
- Circulatory stabilisation
- Enlargement of erythrocytes
- Improvement of capillary circulation
- Reduction of cholesterol and triglyceride levels and lowering of blood sugar levels
An ozone-/oxygen therapy not only treats the ailments that necessitated the treatment in the first place, but also has a positive effect on disorders that have not yet been discovered.